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The Philippines is made up of 7,107 islands covering a land area of 115,739 sq. m. (299,764 sq. km.). Main island groups are Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Capital is Manila. Time Zone is GMT + 8 hours.


March to May is hot and dry. June to October is rainy, November to February is cool. Average temperatures: 78°F / 25°C to 90°F / 32°C; humidity is 77%.


There are a total of 76.5 million Filipinos as of the latest national census in May, 2000. Population growth is estimated at 2.36 percent annually. Luzon, the largest island group, accounts for more than half of the entire population.


Two official languages --- Filipino and English. Filipino which is based on Tagalog, is the national language. English is also widely used and is the medium of instruction in higher education.

Eight (8) major dialects spoken by majority of the Filipinos: Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinense.

Filipino is that native language which is used nationally as the language of communication among ethnic groups. Like any living language, Filipino is in a process of development through loans from Philippine languages and non-native languages for various situations, among speakers of different social backgrounds, and for topics for conversation and scholarly discourse. There are about 76 to 78 major language groups, with more than 500 dialects.


Some 80% of Filipinos are Catholic. About 15% are Moslem. The rest are made up of smaller Christian denominations and Buddhist.


The Metric System is used in most trade and legal transactions.


220 volts a/c is the common standard. 110 volts a/c is also used, especially in major hotels.


The Philippines monetary unit is the peso, divided into 100 centavos. Foreign currency may be exchanged at any hotels, most large department stores, banks, and authorized money changing shops accredited by the Central Bank of the Philippines. International credit cards such as Visa, Diners Club, Bank Americard, Master Card, and American Express are accepted in major establishments.


  • LPA at eastern Philippines monitored
    LIGHT and moderate rains are expected in Eastern Visayas and east of Northern Mindanao due to the low pressure area that has entered the Philippine area of responsibility on Tuesday, the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration Mindanao said Tuesday. If it would intensify into a tropical depression, it would be the 17th storm in the country and would be given a local name "Queenie."

  • Woman finds pet dog lost in Philippines typhoon a year ago : November 25, 2014,
    A Filipino woman has been reunited with her dog a year after the pet went missing in the chaos of Philippines' deadliest ever typhoon, she told AFP Tuesday. The nine-year-old mongrel named Bunny survived giant waves wrought by super typhoon Haiyan, but went missing in the upheaval that followed the November 8 tragedy, owner Ailyn Metran told AFP.

  • Pacete: Negros for Mice
    NEGROS is ripe for big events. We tested our worth when we hosted the national conference and Pearl Awards of the Association of Tourism Officers of the Philippines last October.

  • Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines: Maguindanao Massacre: As massacre case drags on, pain lingers
    Cathy Nunez's voice breaks and tears wet her cheeks as she remembers her son. It is always like this, she said.

  • DOH gears up for zero Aids-related deaths
    THE Department of Health is gearing up for a call toward "zero Aids-related deaths, zero new HIV infections and zero stigma by 2015," an official said Monday. Dr. Elvie Villabos, head of infectious diseases and EOH Cluster of DOH-Western Visayas, said the call is being made in time for the World Aids Day celebration on December 1. He said the celebration in Iloilo City will start with a Zumba Street Party on November 30 at the Calle Real, a mass on December 1 at the Sta Teresita parish church, and a program at the Robinson's Place Iloilo.

  • Meet the 21-year-old Yale student behind Solar Philippines
    If Solar Philippines president and founder Leandro Leviste looked like a college student next to President Benigno Aquino and SM Prime Holdings president Hans Sy at the event activating SM City North EDSA's solar-powered rooftop on Monday, it's because he is still an undergraduate at Yale University. Leviste, the son of Senator Loren Legarda with ex-husband, Tony, is on leave from his senior year at Yale where he is taking up political science.

  • Philippines convicts Chinese 'poachers' despite Beijing's warnings
    A Philippine court on Monday found nine Chinese fishermen guilty of poaching and environmental crimes for fishing in disputed waters, in a case that has strained relations with China. The nine, arrested in May, were fined $100,000 each for poaching with an additional 120,000 pesos fine for catching an endangered species, prosecutor Allen Ross Rodriguez said in the town of Puerto Princesa on Palawan island.

  • Philippines massacre body count is still rising, five years after killing spree that left 58 dead
    Note: We do not store your email address but your IP address will be logged to prevent abuse of this feature. Please read our Legal Terms & Policies Five years after 58 people were massacred when a convoy was attacked by gunmen in the Philippines' worst political massacre, the body count is still rising.

  • 2009 massacre haunts Philippines as trial slowsEdita Tiamzon, right,...
    Just days before the Philippines marked Sunday's anniversary of the carnage with prayers and calls to end impunity, another potential witness in the ongoing trial against the politically powerful suspects was gunned down.

  • Students 'possessed' at school in the Philippines
    The incoherent screams and self harming actions, of a woman in the Pakistani city of Tahatta are a consequence of what her family believes to be demonic possession. Fourteen students were possessed at a school in the Philippines according to "Unexplained Mysteries" and "The Freeman" on Nov. 21. The incident happened on Nov. 20 during the afternoon.

  • Facebook shout outs as a call to action
    ONE of my Facebook friends Ray Cid wrote a post in which the "plant holders or pots" that are permanently cemented around the fence of the City Central School have never served their purpose. "On the contrary, it is hindering the flow of pedestrian traffic in the sidewalk.

  • Ex-cop charged for shooting man
    CHARGES were filed before the City Prosecution Office against a former police officer for shooting a man at GSIS subdivision in Matina, Davao City on Friday. Facing charges for frustrated murder and violation of the Republic Act 10591 or the Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act is Esperlino Erfe Bello, a 63-year-old retired policeman.

  • Girl killed as lightning hit house in Davao
    The victim was identified as Mariz Anib. According to her father, they were on their way home when they decided to stop over at a neighbor's house due to heavy rains.

  • Tacloban - "what I found a year after the typhoon
    Typhoon Haiyan and the terrible destruction it wrought in the Philippines has long been out of the headlines, but for MELANIE HARGREAVES it's still very much a reality. As a worker for the charity, Christian Aid, Miss Hargreaves, of Turner Road, Colchester, went to the city of Tacloban last year to help its devastated citizens in the wake of the disaster, which killed thousands and destroyed many more homes.

  • Tacloban holds children's festival for typhoon survivors
    The Philippines and the United Nations Children's Fund or UNICEF this week marked the 25th anniversary of the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by presenting stories of two children who are trapped in emergency situations in the countryside -- one in an armed conflict, the other in a natural disaster. While she maintains that the convention has been relevant to the Philippines over the last 25 years, causing "tremendous change," UNICEF Philippine representative Lotta Sylwander said not enough attention has been given to ensure the promotion and protection of the rights of Filipino children during emergencies.

  • For the Barkada Who Can't Get Enough of Steak And Ribs
    Because a girl's gotta eat, right? We found a place where you can get your fill for a reasonable price. Ever wanted to indulge in the best steaks and ribs at an affordable price? Then Beeffalo by Hotrocks is just the place for you! Take your family, your barkada, or your boyfriend out to dinner and be delighted by the delicious dishes this cozy resto has to offer.

  • 'Our land is being denied us'
    One of my tasks in my other role as International Spokesperson of the Cordillera Peoples' Alliance is to encourage Cordillera migrants to Canada to participate in the broad movement for social change in the Philippines. In the pursuit of that task, I need to go around the different cities of Canada where our "kakakilians" are located.

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